Shoulder arthroscopy is surgery that uses a tiny camera called an arthroscope to examine or repair the tissues inside or around the shoulder joint. The arthroscope is inserted through a small incision (cut) in the skin.
The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that cover your shoulder joint. These muscles and tendons hold your arm in your ball and socket shoulder joint, and they help you move your shoulder in different directions. The tendons in the rotator cuff can tear when they are overused or injured. Your surgeon may do one or more of these procedures during your surgery:
Rotator Cuff Repair : The torn edges of the muscles are brought together. The tendon is attached to the bone with sutures. Suture anchors are often used to help attach the tendon to the bone. The anchors can be made of metal or plastic.
Surgery for impingement syndrome: Damaged tissue is debrided out in the area above the shoulder joint itself. The underside of the bone (acromion) may be shaved off if there is a spur present. The spur can be a cause of inflammation and pain in the shoulder.
Surgery for shoulder instability: Torn labrum, the rim of the shoulder joint that is made out of cartilage, can be repaired.. Ligaments that attach to this area will also be repaired.
The Bankart lesion is a tear on the labrum in the lower part of the shoulder joint. A SLAP lesion involves the labrum and the ligament on the top part of the shoulder joint.
Indications for Shoulder Arthroscopy Arthroscopy may be recommended for these shoulder problems:
A torn or damaged cartilage ring (labrum) or ligaments
Shoulder instability, where the shoulder joint is loose and slides around too much or becomes dislocated (slips out of the ball and socket joint)
A torn or damaged biceps tendon
Tears in the Rotator Cuff
A bone spur or inflammation around the rotator cuff