A dislocated shoulder occurs when the humerus (upper arm bone) separates from the shoulder blade at the main shoulder joint.
The dislocation of the shoulder joint is a very common injury. Most shoulder dislocations are forward, or anterior dislocations. A partial dislocation is known as a shoulder subluxation.
The shoulder is most often dislocated by a traumatic force as in sports, accidents or a fall.
A dislocated shoulder should be relocated as soon as possible by a doctor. The shoulder dislocation involves tear of tissues that stabilize the shoulder joint. Very often patients have recurrent dislocations of the shoulder. These multiple dislocations result in damage to the shoulder joint. In cases of recurrent or frequent dislocation of the shoulder joint, Keyhole surgery to repair the torn labrum is indicated.
Shoulder dislocation surgery or bankart repair The tear of the labrum ligament in the shoulder after a shoulder dislocation is called a Bankart tear. Hence regaining shoulder stability after a labrum tear involves an Arthroscopic repair of the Bankart tear called the Bankart’s repair. The surgical repair involves accurate placement of the sutures to repair the labrum followed by expert rehabilitation program that begins immediately after surgery. Most people are able to return to full competitivesports, three months after a repair of the torn labrum and to sedentary jobs within a month of the Bankart repair.